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KOREAN LONGTAIL FOWL - The JANGMIGYE
Also called the Ginkkori-Dak 긴꼬리닭

 

Korean Long-tailed fowl Articles from American Newspapers.

1912
Seattle, Washington, March 25 - A curious breed of chickens has been imported from Korea. The chickens have tail feathers of stupendous length. Until a year ago they were known nowhere but in the Hermit Kingdom, and then only in the royal gardens. When Japan took over Korea they were widely distributed.

Saburo Matsumoto, a Japanese merchant here, has six of them, and besides has in incubators 100 eggs to be hatched. One of the two roosters has a tail nineteen feet long, the feathers being of bright scarlet and orage. A hen has a tail seventeen feet long, the remaining four birds have tails from twelve to fourteen feet long. The tails are carefully watched, and the roosts for the birds are built high, so that the tips of the tails never touch the ground. In wet and foggy weather it is necessary to wrap the tails in silky rice paper and pin them up on the backs of the birds.

It is said that a King of Korea first propagated this strange bird three centuries ago by crossing a pheasant with a wild bird. After the desired strain was obtained a big bounty was placed on the heads of the wild birds and the breed became extinct. This left the king the exclussive possessor of the long-tailed birds, and for generations it has been a royal pastime to care for and fondle them. As soon as a good supply of young stock can be hatched out poultry fanciers in other parts of the country will be able to obtain specimens.

New Castle News (New Castle, Pennsylvania) March 25, 1912.

1904

Japan and Korea have a most remarkable breed of chickens, such as are known nowhere else in the world. They have been brought to their present wonderful state of perfection by more than a thousand years of careful breeding and improvement.

These chickens are like our own chickens in body. Their plumage is exceedingly gorgeous but what makes them wonderful is the fact that their tails are immense. A small chicken will have a tail of resplendent feathers from twelve to fifteen feet long. No breeder thinks much of a fowl with a tail less than a dozen feet long and tails from twelve to fourteen feet are common.

The Japanse breeders have the record of one bird whose tail reached the length of twenty feet, with a few inches over for good measure.

These tails are almost always magnificent, shimmering in rich bronzes and crimsons and gold; and the breeders keep them wrapped in thin rice paper to protect them, so that they shall not be bruised or smirched.

The breeding of the peculiar fowl began in Korea some time before the year 1000 A.D., and for many centuries the industry was aided by the royal house, and great honors and riches were given to the man who managed to breed a particularly fine specimen. Consequently, for ages there have been families in Korea that did nothing, generation after generation, except to breed long-tailed fowl. And, naturally, they became amazingly skillful in it. It is supposed that the breed originated from some wild fowl, but no one knows what it was.

In Japan the art of producing these long tails was rewarded with extravagant generosity. In the island of Shikoku, one of the biggest of the Japanese group, the ruler of the Province of Tosa, the Daimyo, used the best tail feathers as decorations for his spear and every tail feather had a deep significance, so that quite a little system of heraldry and etiquette was built up around the long-tailed fowl.

As the feathers of the birds develop they are made to sit on high perches, which are raised continually as the tail grows, so that it shall never touch the floor. It is rather hard on the birds, and exemplifies again the old proverb that there is no great achievement without corresponding pains.

The Japanese have studied the subject so thoroughly that they have even worked out the best foods to give their fowls to make them produce the longest tails.

The New York Times, April 24, 1904, p. sm3.


Korean Long-tailed fowl

Jangmigye(長尾鷄)

The Jangmigye is a breed of long-tail fowl that originated in Mahan of ancient Korea.

Korean people's call 긴꼬리닭 (Ginkkori-Dak) in a pure Korean. "긴" is long, "꼬리" is tail, "닭" is chicken. It appears in a single-comb variety with Black Breasted Red plumage, White . The birds appear in Black-breasted Red(comb is single). Their legs are dark gray(lead), eyes red-brown and earlobes describes as red mixing white or white. Males weigh 1.2~1.8 kg (2.6~3.9 Lbs.) and females 800g~1.3 kg (1.7~2.8 Lbs.).

The ancient Chinese book (Book of the Later Han) "馬韓人知田蠶, 作緜布. 出大栗如梨. 有長尾雞, 尾長五尺." is a record.

This is translated into English.

馬韓人知田蠶, 作緜布. : The Mahan People know about agriculture and sericulture, and can produce cotton.

出大栗如梨. : Produces a very large chestnut, as big as a pear.

有長尾雞, 尾長五尺 : It is a long-tailed chicken, with a tail length of approx. 5 ft. and Charies Varat(French trip, A.D 1888-1889) were recorded Chungcheong-do specialties of The Joseon Dynasty as long-tailed chickens (The length of the tail is 150 cm).

Japan's ancient documents, I found very similar to Korean Jangmigye's and Japanese Akazasa(BB-Red) Onagadori's.

 


(http://tosakei.jimdo.com/文献/天然記念物調査報告/長尾鶏/)

この長尾鶏がいつ頃現れたかは文献の徴すべきものもなく、豊臣時代に朝鮮から斎されたものと云はれるが、その真疑は知る術もない。 又支那には尾羽の長い鶏の古い記事はあるが、それが果してこの長尾鶏と同じであるか否かも判らない。 兎に角いつの頃か長尾鶏が土佐で特異の改良を遂げて居るが、それは藩の施制の刺戟に負ふところ大なるは云ふまでもない。 土佐の藩主山内家には毛槍と鳶烏の馬標と呼んで、東天紅鶏などの長い尾羽を以て作られた優美なものが伝はつて居る。 それは参勤交代の行列には異彩を放つたものであるが、藩内にはそれを造るために長い尾羽の賦課貢献の制度があつたのである。 嘗て明和年間に大篠村篠原の住人武市利右衛門が藩主山内忠義に献上した尾羽は洵に見事なもので、それに対して特に篠原号といふ名称が附与されたと云はれる。 この人が如何して尾羽の長い長尾鶏を作り出したかは詳かでないが、大篠村の村史に長尾鶏は今から百七十年程前に野鶏から現れた東天紅鶏と野鶏とから発生したと記されて居る。 一般には大和鶏(正告)から先づ白藤長尾鶏が現れ、それと他の鶏との交配によつて褐色及び白色長尾鶏が現れたと云ふもの、又最初に現れたのは褐色長尾鶏であると唱へるものもあるが、 褐色長尾鶏の雌が今日朝鮮方面に見られる地鶏そつくりであると云ふ見地から、多くの人は地鶏と尾羽のかなり長い東天紅鶏との交配から突然変異によつて尾羽の抜け換らない白藤か褐色の長尾鶏が現れたものと看做して居る。 而して白色長尾鶏は明治ニ十二年頃レグホルンと白藤長尾鶏との交配から出来たものと云はれる。

豊臣時代 : Toyotomi period / February 2, 1536 or March 26, 1537 – September 18, 1598

朝鮮 : Joseon (Joseon Dynasty) -> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseon

地鶏 : Native Chicken
褐色長尾鶏 : Black-breasted Red Onagadori = 赤笹種

雌 : Female

長尾鶏 : Nagaodori (Long-tailed fowl) : In the old days, Japanese people (Nankoku people) called Nagaodori (長尾鶏) but later changed its name to Onagadori (尾長鶏). [Editor's note: "Nagaodori" is read sometimes also as "Choubikei" in the on-yomi or Chinese reading of the same kanji.]

Now the Jangmigye seems almost extinct.
To find a Jangmigye some Korean people go across the peninsula. Others are trying to restore the breed themselves.

I am currently trying to restore the Jangmigye.

This is a one of the Jangmigye that is being restored.

(This photo is a picture of a friend's Jangmigye birds)

Name : Paju Jangmigye




Lee Seong Woon in S. Korea

http://blog.daum.net/klpa12334/ The Onagadori Center of KLPA in S.Korea

http://blog.daum.net/klpa12335 The Pheasant Center of KLPA in S.Korea

http://blog.daum.net/klpa12336 The Turtle House of KLPA in S.Korea

http://blog.daum.net/dltjsal1123 The Aquarium of KLPA in S.Korea

 

 

 



 
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